Have you ever needed a short Ethernet cable, but all of them in your closet are six feet long? You can simply coil up the excess, but for a neater look you can trim the thread yourself. With the right materials, you can even make your own custom length network cables.
By crimping your own ethernet cables, you can make them as long as you like. Pre-made Ethernet cables are only available in specific lengths, and you may need a size that isn't readily available. Again, you can always spend more time than necessary, but more often than not it's a waste.
RELATED: What type of Ethernet cable (Cat5, Cat5e, Cat6, Cat6a) should I use?
And alsoformIt's cheaper to make your own ethernet cables than to buy pre-made ones. For example, you can buy a 1,000 foot spool of Ethernet cableabout $60, plus or minus a few dollars, dependingwhat kind of cable do you have. Add a few more dollarsa bag of connectorsand you end up paying a lot less than buying pre-made cables.
For example, a 25 foot ethernet cable on Amazoncuesta 8 $, which is pretty cheap but would cost $320 for 1,000 feet of these cables. The costs increase even more10 foot ethernet cable, priced at $600 for 1,000 feet.
Sure, you might think you don't need a 1,000-foot ethernet cable, but it lasts a long time and you probably won't need to buy an ethernet cable again. Either way, you can get a smaller 250-foot spool of Ethernet cable.for only $20if that seems more feasible.
What will you need
I mentioned some of these things above, but here's a general list of tools and materials you'll need, none of which are particularly expensive.
- Bulk Ethernet Cable(Make sure it is bare copper and not copper clad aluminum)
- RJ-45 connectors
- relief boots(optional, but protects the connector)
- RJ-45 Crimp Tool
- wire cutter,pelacablesor scissors
I have all? Let's begin.
Step One: Measure the length you need
Take your ethernet cable and measure the required length. If you're measuring very long runs and need, say, 60 feet of cable, I like to measure my arm length first (about 5 feet), take a cable, and stretch it hand to hand across my chest. . From there I can count how many cable arms it takes to get 60 feet.
Don't worry about the exact length, but if you do, you'll want a little excess at the end to make up for any discrepancies and errors. You can always cut off the excess and make another Ethernet cable in the future.
When you have reached the desired length, simply cut the wire with pliers or scissors.
Once you've cut it off it's now time to put it in a relief shoe before you start playing with the wires and installing the connector as you won't be able to slide it back in once you've installed the connector.
Step Two: Remove the outer cover
Take your crimping tool and use it to strip about 2 to 3 inches of outer casing from each end of the wire. The crimping tool has a razor blade section and enough room to cut the cap but not the threads inside. Place the wire in this slot, gently squeeze the crimping tool and twist to completely cut the barrel.
After that, the cap can be removed to reveal the smaller wires inside.
You may also notice a collection of very fine, hair-like strands. This gives the cable a little more force when pulled, so the cables inside aren't stressed as much. But the main reason these threads are there is so you can pull them down to further cut the outer bark.
Why do this? Because if you use your crimping tool to cut the outer shell, there's always a chance that you'll easily cut the internal threads. By pulling on the fiber strands to snip more of the outer jacket, and then cutting the inner cables just below the potential nick, you eliminate the risk of cable malfunction.
not youneedto do this if you're careful enough with the crimping tool, but it's an extra precaution you can take if you'd like.
Step Three - Unwrap and disconnect all wires
After exposing the wires inside, you'll notice that four pairs of wires are twisted together, making a total of eight wires. These pairs come in different colors, one is solid color and the other is made of white yarn with a stripe. matching the uni color.
Twist all four pairs so you have eight separate strands. It's also a good idea to smooth out the strands as much as possible as they will still be a bit wavy after you curl them up.
Step 4 - Place the wires in the correct order and prepare them for crimping
Next we need to lay out the eight wires in a specific order, and this is where things might take a little practice.
Technically you can arrange the wires in any order as long as both ends are connected the same way. However, Ethernet cables have wiring sequence standards known as T-568A and T-568B. The only difference between the two is that the orange and green wire pairs are swapped. But why are there two different standards at all?
It's mainly like thatCabos Crossover-EthernetCrossover cables, if any, are used to directly connect two devices together without the need for a router. One end of the cable uses T-568A and the other T-568B. However, with any other regular Ethernet cable, both ends have the same wiring order.
Which one you use when making your own Ethernet cables doesn't matter. The T-568B is popular in the US because of its compatibility with older phones and the ability to connect a phone line to an Ethernet jack using the T-568B. Most pre-made ethernet cables you buy (including those listed above) use the T-568B.
However, the T-568A is becoming more and more popular and recommended. Plus, it's more common in the rest of the world (and the phone lines are on the brink of death anyway). With that in mind, we'll be using the T-568A for this guide.
Let's organize our eight cables and prepare them for crimping. Follow the table above and order cables according to Table T-568A. As you do this, run the strands down the side of your index finger and pinch them with your thumb to hold them in place.
Once you have the strands in order, tie them tighter and start working the strands back and forth to stiffen them. Hold the strands in place during this process.
Eventually you should be able to loosen your grip on the wires and they should stay in order without wanting to stray in different directions. This process should only take about 30 seconds.
Then take your scissors and trim the excess wiring leaving only about a half inch between the end and the start of the outer cover. The goal is for the wires to be short enough that you can press the outer jacket onto the connector by crimping the connector into the jacket to make a secure connection (more on that later). You'll get a better idea of it after you've practiced a few times.
Step 5 - Slide and secure the connector
Take your ethernet plug and slide the wires in with the clip portion facing out and the green wires towards the floor (or ceiling depending on your orientation), making sure each wire goes into its own slot. Look carefully while doing this and make sure none of the wires have jumped out of order. In this case, remove the plug, reattach the cables and try again.
Push the cable all the way in until all eight wires touch the end of the connector. It may take some fiddling and force to push the connector all the way in.
Then take your crimping tool and push the connector into the crimping slot as far as it will go. It only goes one way, so if it doesn't go all the way, just flip the tool over and plug it back in. The entire connector must fit into the crimping tool.
Once the connector is fully inserted, squeeze the tool to crimp the connector. Press relatively hard, but not that hard. Again, you'll get a better idea the more you practice.
Once that's done, remove the cable from the tool and inspect the entire connection to make sure everything is ok. When done correctly, the sharp crimp on the back of the connector should pinch the outer jacket of the cable and not the smaller wires. If not, you haven't trimmed enough excess off the smaller strands.
Then slide the strain relief cap over the connector (if using) and bask in the glow of your very own Ethernet cable. Make sure you mount the other end!
Ethernet cables can be as long or short as you like, but remember that Ethernet has a physical limit of 300 feet. So make sure you keep them under that length, which shouldn't be a problem for the most part.
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How do I make my own ethernet cable length? ›
- Step 1 – Spool out your length of cable. ...
- Step 2 – Strip off the outer jacket. ...
- Step 3 – Separate your wire pairs. ...
- Step 4 – Arrange wires according to diagram. ...
- Step 5 – Cut the wires. ...
- Step 6 – Insert wires into connector.
Ethernet Cable Length
The maximum length of a Cat5e or Cat6 Ethernet cable is about 295 ft. (90 m), plus up to 16 ft. (5 m) of patch cable on either end, for a total of 328 feet or 100 meters. Beyond this, the signal begins to degrade, reducing the speed and reliability of the connection.
- Determine the length of the wire, and strip the end. ...
- Insert the wire into the crimp. ...
- Place the crimp and wire into the crimping tool, and ensure that it is perfectly seated inside. ...
- Remove the crimp, and inspect the wire.
If you don't have a crimping tool, no problem! Use a pair of scissors or a utility knife to cut away a section of the sheathing at the end of the cable, untwist and arrange the small cables in the right order, put them into the RJ-45 connector, and use a small, flathead screwdriver to press down each of the pins.Does Ethernet get slower with length? ›
Conclusion. To put it simply, the data transmission speed of ethernet network cables remains constant as long as they are run at their specified lengths. However, running cables longer than their recommended lengths reduce the data transmission speeds.Can you run Ethernet 1000 feet? ›
An Ethernet channel is the complete end-to-end connection of a cable run from a router/switch to something you use like a computer. Of course, there are variations on this theme, but suffice it to say that from powered-device to powered-device the maximum ethernet cable length is 328 feet.What happens if my Ethernet cable is too long? ›
Ethernet cable can have a length that is too long. The maximum cable length for copper twisted pair cables is going to be up to 328 feet (100 meters). Anything beyond this and you run the risk of your signal strength deteriorating. Even worse is that it might just not want to work.Is 100ft Ethernet cable too long? ›
A single run of Ethernet cable is designed to work at a maximum of 328 feet or 100 meters. It's entirely possible to exceed the manufacturer's specification and still maintain network connectivity. However, this greatly increases the chances of connectivity issues, reduced speeds, and lower reliability.How do you crimp without a crimper? ›
If you are going to try it, use a small flat-head screwdriver to push down the pins into the wires. You will need to push down all 8 pins into the 8 wires. Before pushing down your pins make sure that all of the individual wires are completely pushed to the end of the jack.How do you crimp naturally? ›
Luckily you don't need to buy a crimper or use any hot tools to achieve the nostalgic look. “Braids are the best kind of style to achieve crimped hair without heat styling,” says Sarah Potempa, celebrity hairstylist and founder of The Beachwaver Co.
Do you need to strip the wire before crimping? ›
Remove proper length of insulation cleanly: no nicking, cutting or breaking of wire strands. To make a good electrical connection you first have to strip the cable correctly.What tools do I need to make an ethernet cable? ›
- Large slip-joint pliers.
- Multi screwdriver.
- Pull string.
- Fish tape.
- Cable lubricant.
- Swivels and Cable grips.
- Electrical tape.
- Tape measure.
In situations like these, if there is a wired Ethernet network available you can connect to it using the USB-A or USB-C port on your laptop and a USB to Gigabit Ethernet Adapter. Plug the adapter into your laptop's USB port and use a Cat5e/6 Ethernet patch cable to connect the RJ45 end to the network.Is WiFi faster than Ethernet? ›
An Ethernet connection is generally faster than a WiFi connection and provides greater reliability and security.What is the fastest Ethernet cable? ›
Cat 7a is the newest, best, and priciest ethernet cable on the market. Similar to the Cat 6a and Cat 7 cables, the Cat 7a supports speeds up to 10,000 Mbps, but its max bandwidth is exponentially higher at 1,000 MHz.How fast is Cat6 over distance? ›
Cat6A speed is at least 500 MHz. This allows 10 Gbp/s (Gigabits per second) up to 328 feet (100 meters). Cat6 max speed is 250 MHz. Therefore, it only supports 10 Gbp/s to 165 feet (55 meters) under ideal conditions—less in heavy cross talk environments.How do I change my Ethernet limit? ›
- Open Settings.
- Go to Network & Internet > Data Usage.
- On the right, select the desired connection under Show settings for.
- Click on the Set limit button under Data limit. ...
- In the next dialog, specify the limit value and click on the Save button.
Carefully place the connector into the Ethernet crimper and cinch down on the handles tightly. The copper splicing tabs on the connector will pierce into each of the eight wires. There's also a locking tab that holds the blue plastic sleeve in place for a tight compression fit.